Aboriginal Affairs Report 2018

Each year, the Victorian Government Aboriginal Affairs Report is a chance to consider how we have tracked against our commitment to improving outcomes for Aboriginal Victorians as measured against the Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework. It’s also an important opportunity to recognise the achievements and strengths of Victorian Aboriginal communities.

The Report shows that while progress has been made in some areas, including maternal and child health, and education and training, we must renew our effort across all areas in order to keep working towards genuine equality for Aboriginal Victorians. 

It is an opportunity for us all to look back on how far we have come – and what we must still do together

- Hon Natalie Hutchins MP, Minister for Aboriginal Affairs.

Victorian Government Aboriginal Affairs Report 2017 Victorian Government Aboriginal Affairs Report 2018PDF (6.83 MB)

Six Key Findings from the 2018 Report

1. Maternal and early childhood health and development

Significant gains have been made in maternal and early childhood health and development, including kindergarten enrolments and infant health. However, Aboriginal children continue to be over-represented in the child protection and out-of-home care systems.

2. Education and training

Apparent retention rates to both Year 10 and Year 12 have increased for Aboriginal students over the past ten years. However, persistent gaps remain between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal student outcomes in reading, writing and numeracy, as well as attendance rates. The progress that has been made in kindergarten participation and retention are anticipated to have positive flow-on effects for reading, writing and numeracy outcomes for Aboriginal learners in coming years.

3. Economic participation

This year the Victorian Government has met its target of increasing the proportion of Aboriginal staff in the state’s public service to 1%. However, Aboriginal people continue to be under-represented in the workforce and on boards and committees. Additionally, further work is required to bridge the income gap between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Victorians.

4. Health, housing and wellbeing

Although there have been some improvements, recent statistics indicate that there is still a lot of work to be done to close the gap in health, housing and wellbeing outcomes for Aboriginal Victorians.

5. Safe families and communities and equitable justice outcomes

The number of family incidents with an Aboriginal affected family member or other party has begun to decline in recent years. However, Aboriginal Victorians still face very unequal outcomes within the justice system, and are over-represented in both the adult and youth justice systems.

6. Strong culture

The Victorian Government is dedicated to ensuring that the right processes and structures are in place to support Aboriginal Victorians as they maintain a strong connection to country, culture and community.

Statistical annex

The period covered by the Report is up to the most recently available data as at time of publication in 2018. In some cases, only 2014 data is available. The data come from a number of different administrative data sets and surveys. The main limitation in most of these data sets is that Aboriginal status is under-reported. Changes in the levels of Aboriginal identification over time have an impact on the accuracy of comparing outcomes overtime.Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Report - Data Tables Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Report - Data TablesEXCEL (103.49 KB)